First Cousin Once Removed??

Most people have a good understanding of basic relationship terms such as mother, father, aunt, uncle, brother, and sister but what about the relationship terms that we don't use in everyday speech? Terms like "second cousin" and "first cousin, once removed"? We don't tend to speak about our relationships in such exact terms (cousin seems good enough when you are introducing one person to another), so most of us aren't familiar with what these words mean. When working on your family history it is handy to know how to describe family relationships more exactly. The definitions below should help.

Relationship Terms

Relationship Chart

Now that you have an idea of what these different words mean, take a look at the chart below. This is a relationship chart and it can help you figure out how different people in your family are related.

COMMON ANCESTOR
Child
Grandchild
G-Grandchild
G-G-Grandchild
Child Brother
or Sister
Nephew
or Niece
Grand-Nephew
or Niece
G-Grand-Nephew
or Niece
Grandchild Nephew
or Niece
First Cousin First Cousin
Once Removed
First Cousin
Twice Removed
G-Grandchild Grand-Nephew
or Niece
First Cousin
Once Removed
Second Cousin Second Cousin
Once Removed
G-G-Grandchild G-Grand- Nephew
or Niece
First Cousin
Twice Removed
Second Cousin
Once Removed
Third Cousin